Bed bugs are tiny parasitic insects that feed on human blood. The bites from these small bugs are irritating to the skin and can lead to itching and scratching. The itching and constant urge to scratch are the very first signs of an infestation in your home. The bed bugs thrive in bedrooms and particularly on the bed because this is where their hosts are and considering that they are nocturnal, the bed makes the best harbor area for them.
Apart from infesting the mattress and other parts of the bed including headboards and springs, they can also hide in nearby areas and items including carpets and any cracks you might have even on your walls. Their tiny bodies make it easier for them to hide and they can go undetected for a long period of time. The bed bugs can gain access to your home when they attach on clothes or other personal belongings when you lodge in an infested area. Second hand items can also come infested and spread the bugs in your home giving you sleepless nights. There are however so many other factors that cause the infestations, but what matters most is how to get rid of them if you already have an infested home.
Pesticides – They are the most commonly used when eradicating bed bugs and even though there are very good products that can finally put the bed bug matter to rest in your home, some are not as effective. Pesticide resistance and pest dispersal in your home also seem to be the other challenges when using this approach. It would be advisable to allow a reputable pest management company to handle the treatment to get the most effective results possible. The use of chemicals on your bed might not always be a good idea considering that they could end up contaminating your bed and mattresses and posing health risks to you. Experienced pest experts know what products are best, the techniques to use when applying and precautions necessary during the treatment.
Inorganic materials – Silica gel and diatomaceous earth seem to be the most commonly used especially in dry environments. The dust when it comes into contact with the outer exoskeleton waxy layer of the bed bugs disrupts it and causes dehydration thus killing them. The food grade diatomaceous earth is the most popular in combating infestations. They are products that you can use at home with care, but it is still a good idea to consult a pest control company, especially with larger populations of the bed bugs to get the most effective results with the treatment.
Organic materials – Bean leaves seem to be the best at trapping the bugs because of their hooked hairs that pierce tarsi joints on the arthropod legs of the bed bugs. They are inexpensive and very effective in trapping the bed bugs.
Heat treatment – Under heat treatment, cloth dryers, steam and hot boxes can all be used to get rid of the bed bugs. Professional pest control companies usually employ this method of eradicating infestations, and it delivers very good results. Vacuuming and freezing are also very effective methods of getting rid of the bed bugs.
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Ants: Acrobat Ant, Allegheny Mound Ant, Argentine Ant, Big-headed Ant, Carpenter Ant, Citronella Ant, Crazy Ant, Field Ant, Fire Ant, Ghost Ant, Harvester Ant, Little Black Ant, Moisture Ant, Odorous House Ant, Pavement Ant, Pharaoh Ant, Texas Leaf Cutter Ant, Thief Ant, Velvety Tree Ant and White-footed Ant.
Bitings Insects: Bed Bugs, Bird Lice, Cat Flea, House Mosquito, Human Head Lice, Kissing Bug, Pubic Lice and Thrips
Mosquitoes: Asian Tiger Mosquito, Aedes-Aegypti Mosquito and Culex Mosquito.
Cockroaches: American Cockroach, Asian Cockroach, Australian Cockroach, Brown Banded Cockroach, Cuban Cockroach, Florida Woods Cockroach, German Cockroach, Oriental Cockroach, Smoky Brown Cockroach, Surinam Cockroach and Woods Cockroach.
Flies: Blow Fly and Bottle Fly, Cluster Fly, Crane Fly, Face Fly, Flesh Fly, Fruit Fly, Fungus Gnat, House Fly, Drain Fly and Phorid Fly.
Rodents: Deer Mouse, House Mouse, Norway Rat, Pack Rat, Roof Rat, Vole and White-footed Mouse.
Spiders: Black Widow Spider , Brown Recluse Spider, Cellar Spider, Crab Spider, Domestic House Spider, Funnelweb Spider, Garden Spider, Ground Spider, Hobo Spider, House Spider, Jumping Spider, Spiny-backed Orb Weaver Spider, Tarantula, Wolf Spider and Yellow Sac Spider.
Stinging Pests: Africanized Honeybee, American Dog Tick, Bald-faced Hornet, Bed Bugs, Bird Lice, Bird Mite, Deer Tick, Brown Dog Tick, Bumblebee, Carpenter Bee, Cat Flea, European Hornet, Fire Ant, Honeybee, Human Head Lice, Kissing Bug, Lone Star Tick, Paper Wasp, Scorpion, Soft Tick, Thrips and Yellow Jacket.
Termites: Dampwood Termite, Drywood Termite, Formosan Subterranean Termite and Subterranean Termite.
Ticks and Mites: American Dog Tick, Bird Mite, Black-legged Tick, Brown Dog Tick, Clover Mite, Lone Star Tick and Soft Tick.
Other Pests: American Spider Beetle, Bean Weevil, Cigarette Beetle, Cowpea Weevil, Dried Fruit Beetle, Drugstore Beetle, Foreign Grain Beetles, Indian Meal Moth, Larder Beetle, Mediterranean Flour Moth, Red or Confused Flour Beetle, Rice & Granary Weevils, Sawtoothed & Merchant, Grain Beetles, Shiny Spider Beetle, Cabinet Beetles, Centipedes & Millipedes, Chinch Bugs and Earwigs.