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Subterranean Termites

Subterranean Termites  The Subterranean Termites are tiny ant like insects which survive in moisture areas and feed on the wood cellulose. Though it is very small and has a harmless appearance, these pests can destroy the wooden structures of your home that are in contact with the soil.

There are 3 categories of Subterranean Termites

1. The Swarmers: These are dark-brown to black in colour, and grow up to ¼ – ½ inch in length with two sets of wings.
2. The Workers: They don’t have wings, are around ¼ inch or less in length and have a cream shade.
3. The Soldiers: These too are without any wings; it has big jaws and are creamy-white in appearance with a brownish head.

There is a main queen in every colony. The queen lays tens of thousands of eggs in its lifetime. The other termites in the colony are also capable of reproducing.

The Subterranean Termites nest

The subterranean termites construct their nests usually below the surface. But if there is sufficient moisture on the surface, these termites will build the nest on the surface.

The Damage

The subterranean termites feed on the soft wood and fill the wood with mud, saliva and faeces. The wood will appear layered because they discard the hard wood part. These termites are responsible for the damages caused to crops in the sub-tropical and warm places.

How to spot a Subterranean Termite infestation?

  • The presence of tubular patterns made out of mud.
  • The presence of swarmers or flying ants especially near light sources indicates that a nest is present in the locality.
  • When you spot swarmers inside your home, it means that there is a termite infestation inside your home.
  • Presence of mud tunnels. These tunnels connect the Subterranean Termites from their habitat (soil) to the food source (wood).
  • Holes in the wooden structures or damaged wood
  • Presence of heaps of termite wings in and around your house
Where to look for Termite infestation
  • Wooden structures in the basement
  • Window frames in the basement, wood structures under the porches, supporting wooden pillars and all other wood near the soil
  • Cracks in the constructions
  • Wooden fences and old tree stumps

How to prevent Subterranean Termites infestation

If you are not aware, the Subterranean Termites cause huge damage to homes, buildings and crops causing people to spend a huge amount on treating infestations and repairing the damages. But if you are able to prevent termite infestation or detect the infestation in the early stage, you can save yourself too many bucks.

Some of the effective preventive steps include –

1. Prevent moisture near the foundation of your home. Build a proper drainage so that all kinds of stagnant water bodies are diverted away from your homes.
2. Provide proper ventilation especially cross-ventilation inside your home. This prevents the formation of moisture which attracts these termites.
3. Make sure that the external wood works are at least 6 inches above the ground.
4. De-clutter all the wood scraps from your house and the compound.
5. Treat the soil with termite repellents.

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Subterranean Termites

Miami-Dade County: Aventura, Bal Harbour Village, Bay Harbor Islands, Biscayne Park , Coral Gables, Cutler Bay, Doral, El Portal, Florida City, Golden Beach, Hialeah, Hialeah Gardens, Homestead, Indian Creek Village, Islandia, Key Biscayne Village, Medley, Miami City, Miami Beach, Miami Gardens, Miami Shores Village, Miami Springs, North Bay Village, North Miami, North Miami Beach, Opa-Locka, Palmetto Bay Village, Pinecrest , South Miami, Sunny Isles Beach, Surfside, Sweetwater, Virginia Gardens and West Miami.

Broward County: Coconut Creek, Cooper City, Coral Springs, Dania Beach, Davie, Deerfield Beach, Fort Lauderdale, Hallandale Beach, Hillsboro Beach, Hollywood Florida, Lauderhill, Lauderdale Lakes, Lauderdale by the Sea, Lazy Lake, Lighthouse Point, Margate, Miramar, North Lauderdale, Oakland Park, Parkland, Pembroke Pines, Plantation, Pompano Beach, Sea Ranch Lakes, Southwest Ranches, Sunrise, Tamarac, West Park, Weston and Wilton Manors .

Palm Beach County: West Palm Beach , Boca Raton , Boynton Beach , Delray Beach , Greenacres , Jupiter , Lake Worth , Palm Beach Gardens , Royal Palm Beach and Wellington .

Monroe County: Key Largo , Islamorada , Marathon and Key West.

Ants: Acrobat Ant, Allegheny Mound Ant, Argentine Ant, Big-headed Ant, Carpenter Ant, Citronella Ant, Crazy Ant, Field Ant, Fire Ant, Ghost Ant, Harvester Ant, Little Black Ant, Moisture Ant, Odorous House Ant, Pavement Ant, Pharaoh Ant, Texas Leaf Cutter Ant, Thief Ant, Velvety Tree Ant and White-footed Ant.

Bitings Insects: Bed Bugs, Bird Lice, Cat Flea, House Mosquito, Human Head Lice, Kissing Bug, Pubic Lice and Thrips

Mosquitoes: Asian Tiger Mosquito, Aedes-Aegypti Mosquito and Culex Mosquito.

Cockroaches: American Cockroach, Asian Cockroach, Australian Cockroach, Brown Banded Cockroach, Cuban Cockroach, Florida Woods Cockroach, German Cockroach, Oriental Cockroach, Smoky Brown Cockroach, Surinam Cockroach and Woods Cockroach.

Flies: Blow Fly and Bottle Fly, Cluster Fly, Crane Fly, Face Fly, Flesh Fly, Fruit Fly, Fungus Gnat, House Fly, Drain Fly and Phorid Fly.

Rodents: Deer Mouse, House Mouse, Norway Rat, Pack Rat, Roof Rat, Vole and White-footed Mouse.

Spiders: Black Widow Spider , Brown Recluse Spider, Cellar Spider, Crab Spider, Domestic House Spider, Funnelweb Spider, Garden Spider, Ground Spider, Hobo Spider, House Spider, Jumping Spider, Spiny-backed Orb Weaver Spider, Tarantula, Wolf Spider and Yellow Sac Spider.

Stinging Pests: Africanized Honeybee, American Dog Tick, Bald-faced Hornet, Bed Bugs, Bird Lice, Bird Mite, Deer Tick, Brown Dog Tick, Bumblebee, Carpenter Bee, Cat Flea, European Hornet, Fire Ant, Honeybee, Human Head Lice, Kissing Bug, Lone Star Tick, Paper Wasp, Scorpion, Soft Tick, Thrips and Yellow Jacket.

Termites: Dampwood Termite, Drywood Termite, Formosan Subterranean Termite and Subterranean Termite.

Ticks and Mites: American Dog Tick, Bird Mite, Black-legged Tick, Brown Dog Tick, Clover Mite, Lone Star Tick and Soft Tick.

Other Pests: American Spider Beetle, Bean Weevil, Cigarette Beetle, Cowpea Weevil, Dried Fruit Beetle, Drugstore Beetle, Foreign Grain Beetles, Indian Meal Moth, Larder Beetle, Mediterranean Flour Moth, Red or Confused Flour Beetle, Rice & Granary Weevils, Sawtoothed & Merchant, Grain Beetles, Shiny Spider Beetle, Cabinet Beetles, Centipedes & Millipedes, Chinch Bugs and Earwigs.

Subterranean Termites

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